Low-Level Persistence Library

The Low-Level Persistence Library (LLPL) is a Java library that provides access to off-heap persistent memory. LLPL includes several kinds of components that can be allocated and used alone or together in building applications:

  • heaps: a pool of memory and an allocator for it
  • memory blocks: unstructured bytes that can be laid out for any purpose and linked to build data structures
  • pre-built data structures: arrays, linked list, and radix trees
  • memory pools: a process-shareable pool of memory

Data stored in the components above can persist beyond the life of a JVM instance, i.e. across application or system restarts. LLPL provides APIs that help developers ensure consistency of stored data.

Memory allocated using LLPL is not garbage-collected and must be explicitly deallocated using LLPL APIs.

LLPL uses the Persistent Memory Development Kit (PMDK). For more information on PMDK, please visit and

How To Build & Run

Prerequisites To Build

The following are the prerequisites for building this Java library:

  1. Linux operating system
  2. Persistent Memory Development Kit (PMDK) v1.5 or newer
  3. Java 8 or newer
  4. Build tools - g++ compiler, CMake and Maven

Prerequisites To Run

This library assumes the availability of hardware persistent memory or emulated persistent memory. Instructions for creating emulated persistent memory are shown below.

Emulating Persistent Memory

The preferred way is to create an in-memory DAX file system. This requires Linux kernel 4.2 or greater. Please follow the steps at:

Alternatively, for use with older kernels, create a tmpfs partition as follows (as root):

$ mount -t tmpfs -o size=4G tmpfs /mnt/mem  # creates a 4GB tmpfs partition
$ chmod -R a+rw /mnt/mem                    # enables read/write permissions to all users

Steps To Build And Run Tests

Once all the prerequisites have been satisfied:

$ git clone
$ cd llpl
$ mvn test -Dtest.heap.path=<path to persistent memory mount point>

Available Maven commands include:

  • compile - builds sources
  • test - builds and runs tests
  • javadoc:javadoc - builds javadocs into target/site/apidocs
  • package - builds jar file into target directory

Using This Library In Existing Java Application

With Maven

LLPL is available from the Maven central repository. Add the following dependency to your pom.xml:


With Classpath

To use this library in your Java application, build the LLPL jar and include its location in your Java classpath. For example:

$ mvn package
$ javac -cp .:<path>/llpl/target/llpl-<version>.jar <source>
$ java -cp .:<path>/llpl/target/llpl-<version>.jar <class>

Alternatively, include LLPL’s target/classes directory in your Java classpath and the target/cppbuild directory in your java.library.path. For example:

$ mvn compile
$ javac -cp .:<path>/llpl/target/classes <source>
$ java -cp .:<path>/llpl/target/classes -Djava.library.path=<path>/llpl/target/cppbuild <class>


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